THE DEFIANT ONES
1958, Park Circus/MGM, 97 min, USA, Dir: Stanley Kramer

Racist jailbird Tony Curtis finds himself chained body and soul to fellow convict Sidney Poitier, in director Stanley Kramer’s stark, bare-knuckled prison-break drama. Curtis’ fierce, hardened performance here is among his finest – as blunt and unforgiving as anything by De Niro or Keitel in the ’70s.


SHIP OF FOOLS
1965, Sony Repertory, 149 min, USA, Dir: Stanley Kramer

An all-star cast sails aboard this thought-provoking drama, adapted by Abby Mann from Katherine Anne Porter’s 1962 novel. As an ocean liner travels from Veracruz, Mexico, to Bremerhaven, Germany in 1933, few among the diverse group of passengers – which includes Oskar Werner, Simone Signoret, Lee Marvin, George Segal and, in her final role, Vivien Leigh – suspect the dark future ahead of them as the Nazis rise to power. Nominated for eight Oscars, with wins for B&W Cinematography and Art Direction.


JUDGMENT AT NUREMBERG
1961, Park Circus/MGM, 186 min, USA, Dir: Stanley Kramer

One of Hollywood’s earliest attempts to come to grips with the horror of the Holocaust, this eloquent courtroom drama lined up a host of stars - including Spencer Tracy, Burt Lancaster, Richard Widmark, Marlene Dietrich, Judy Garland, Maximilian Schell and Montgomery Clift - to re-enact the war-crimes tribunals held in Germany after World War II. Nominated for 11 Academy Awards, with wins for Best Actor (Schell) and Adapted Screenplay (Abby Mann).


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